This work by F.Baccelli, M.-O. Haji-Mirsadeghi, and A. Khezeli, is focused on large scale properties of infinite graphs and discrete subsets of the Euclidean space. It presents two new notions of dimension, namely the unimodular Minkowski and Hausdorff dimensions, which are inspired by the classical Minkowski and Hausdorff dimensions. These dimensions are defined for unimodular discrete spaces, which are defined in this work as a class of random discrete metric spaces with a distinguished point called the origin. These spaces provide a common generalization to stationary point processes under their Palm version and unimodular random rooted graphs.
The main novelty is the use of unimodularity in the definitions where it suggests replacing the infinite sums pertaining to coverings by large balls by the expectation of certain random variables at the origin. In addition, the main manifestation of unimodularity, that is the mass transport principle, is the key element in the proofs and dimension evaluations.
These dimensions are connected to the growth rate of balls. In particular, versions of the mass distribution principle, Billingsley’s lemma, and Frostman’s lemma are established for unimodular discrete spaces.
The dimensions in question are explicitly evaluated or conjectured for a comprehensive set of examples pertaining to the theory of point processes, unimodular random graphs, and self-similarity.