In the previous module, we discussed the difference between a

definite integral, e.g. $\displaystyle\int_a^b
f(x)\,dx$, an

integral function, e.g. $\displaystyle\int_a^x
f(t)\,dt$. We now introduce notation for an antiderivative, called an

indefinite integral, e.g.
$\displaystyle\int f(x)\, dx$. In other words, If
$F'(x)=f(x)$, we say $\displaystyle F(x)=\int f(x)\, dx$.

By the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
I, since
$$\qquad F'(x)=\frac{d}{dx}\int_a^x f(t)\, dt=f(x), \qquad\text{
we have }\qquad \int f(x)\, dx = F(x) = \int_a^x f(t)\, dt.$$

This shows that the integral function is indeed an
antiderivative; it is the antiderivative of its integrand.
All antiderivatives are the same, up to adding a constant, and
indeed changing the value of $a$ in $F(x)=\int_a^x f(t)\, dt$
changes $F(x)$ by a constant, so both antiderivatives and integral
functions are only defined up to a constant.

Don't get too bogged down in the previous two paragraphs, but
you do need to understand the three types of "integrals" listed
above. From now on, the notation $\int f(x)\, dx$ will refer
to the antiderivative, and we'll usually just call it "the
antiderivative of $f(x)$" or "the integral of $f(x)$" (with
respect to $x$) for short.

$\displaystyle\int f(x)\, dx$ is the antiderivative
of $f$.

Notice the difference between a definite integral and an indefinite
integral. With our new notation, the Fundamental
Theorem of Calculus II says that
$$\int_a^b f(x)\,dx=\int f(x)\,dx\left |\begin{array}{c} ^b \\ _a
\end{array}\right .$$

This video gives the basic techniques for finding antiderivatives.